All ethical decisions affect others (by definition) and, as Aristotle points out, ethical decision making is achieved consistently only through practice. Given the outline of virtue ethics provided by Aristotle (i.e., seeking the real goods via the moral virtues), evaluate the moral permissibility of the conduct in question in each scenario. Important note on method: Critical thinking requires the ability to evaluate viewpoints, facts, and behaviors objectively to assess information or methods of argumentation to establish the true worth or merit of an act or course of conduct. Please evaluate these scenarios, first analyzing pros and cons of alternate views, before you come to a conclusion. Do not draw a conclusion first, and then try to find facts to support it—this frequently leads to narrow (and incorrect) thinking.
1.            To properly evaluate the moral permissibility of a course of action using critical thinking skills Begin with an open mind (no preconceptions!)
2.            Isolate and evaluate the relevant facts on both sides,
3.            Identify the precise moral question to be answered, and
4.            Apply ethical principles to the moral question based on an objective evaluation of the facts, only then drawing a conclusion.

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